Afghanistan's membership in the United Nations Human Rights Council
AIHRC welcomes Afghanistan's membership in the United Nations Human Rights Council and considers it an important step towards the improvement, protection, and promotion of human rights of the citizens of the country that can provide the ground for the implementation of all international obligations of the Afghan government in the field of human rights.
The United Nations Human Rights Council, is one of the subsidiary bodies of the UNO that was created by the UN’s General Assembly on March 15, 2006, by Resolution 84/12/24 and it replaced the UN’s Commission on Human Rights, a subsidiary body of the UN’s Economic and Social Council, which was created in 1946. This Council is consisting of 47 State members, and the distribution of seats in the Council is designed to ensure equitable geographical representation: 13 seats for African countries, 13 seats for Asian countries, 6 seats for Eastern European countries, 7 seats for Western European countries, 8 seats for Latin American and Caribbean countries, Membership in the Human Rights Council is conditional to countries commitment and contribution to the promotion and protection of human rights, and secondly, to their endeavor to prevent human rights abuses.
The Human Rights Council serves as the main UN’s forum for intergovernmental cooperation and dialogue on human rights issues. The Council addresses the human rights violations, including widespread systematic violations, in this regard, the Council also makes recommendations, and work for the promotion of effective coordination and direction of human rights in the UN’s system, and act based on the principles of universality, impartiality, non-selectivity, realism, cooperation, and international constructive dialogue, with regard to the promotion and protection of all cultural, social, economic, political and civil rights, including the right to development.
The core tasks of the Human Rights Council are to promote human rights education, make advisory services, provide technical cooperation and capacity building as a forum for dialogue on human rights issues. This Council also makes recommendations for to General Assembly for further development of human rights in the field of human rights, and help member States to implement their human rights obligations and the commitments of United Nations conferences and meetings in relation to the promotion and protection of human rights.
AIHRC hopes that with the membership of the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan in the Human Rights Council the challenges of achieving human rights, including violence against women and children, civil war and civilian casualties, torture and ill-treatment, corruption and the weakness of the rule of law are addressed, and the recommendations of the AIHRC and other civil society organizations and international organizations focused on the improvement of the human rights situation are implemented, and become a strong guarantee for the observance of human rights of the citizens of the country.
Dr. Sima Samar, Chairperson of the AIHRC, said: "Membership of the Human Rights Council is a guarantee to further respect, observance and implementation of human rights in Afghanistan as well as a reward for the achievements of the one and a half decade of human rights of the people and the government of Afghanistan.
AIHRC urges the Government of Afghanistan to make optimal use of the available opportunity by utilizing the international experiences in the area of respect, observance, promotion, development, protection and realization of human rights and to implement all its international obligations in this area, ensure human rights promotion, and take practical action in this regard.
AIHRC urges the Government of Afghanistan to attract the attention and support of the international community in improving the human rights situation of its citizens, and to implement all the commitments made in its candidature records to human rights council.
Given that the responsibilities of the Afghan government, after joining the Human Rights Council, are increasing, the AIHRC hopes that the Afghan government will continue to step up its efforts for the protection, promotion and respect for human rights.