Research Assessing the extent of Implementation of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination in Afghanistan 2018
Summary of the report
Racial discrimination in Afghanistan, with regard to the diversity of ethnic groups, religions and languages in the country, is one of the serious concerns for the national stability and security, and has always evoked questions in the minds of Afghan citizens regarding the approaches and programs conducted by the government, and has caused violations of rights and fundamental freedoms of Afghan citizens.
The AIHRC, with due regard to its legal responsibilities in the area of protection, promotion and monitoring of human rights situation, aiming at finding the challenges and relevant problems, as well as given the citizens’ access to their basic rights and freedoms in equal condition and free from discrimination, has launched this study in order to assess the human rights situation and find out the problems and challenges in this area, and put forward specific recommendations to the government and international community to address the challenges, and to assess the extent to which the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination is implemented in Afghanistan.
Afghanistan signed the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination on July 06, 1983, and ratified and officially acceded to it on March 5, 2003.
The Afghan government could provide only a preliminary report to the Committee on the Prohibition of All Forms of Racial Discrimination in 1984. However, the Committee expressed concern in its 1997 report to the United Nations General Assembly on Afghanistan that it had not submitted a report, and insisted that the submission of the report of the Government of Afghanistan to the committee, in accordance with Article 9 of the Convention is very important . AIHRC, in accordance with paragraph 15 and 17 of Article 21 of the AIHRC’s Law has advised the Afghan government to implement its human rights obligations in this regard, by sending several official letters to the government, emphasizing the importance of the issue to submit a report to the Committee on the Prohibition of All Forms of Discrimination. Thankfully, the letters have been considered by the Government of Afghanistan this year, and the government has taken action to prepare a report on the extent of the implementation of the said Convention in Afghanistan.
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